The University of Arizona
College of Optical Sciences

Collection Home > Microscopes > Culpeper > Culpeper-Style Microscope


Culpeper-Style Microscope

Maker Unsigned

Date Early 1800s
Number of Objectives 4
Dimensions English Metric
Main Tube Length 8.5in 216mm
Main Tube Diameter 2.0in 50mm
Total Height 15.0in 380mm


This Culpeper-style brass compound microscope is mounted on a wooden box base. Three scrolled legs support the body and circular stage. There is coarse focus only, with a knob moving a rack and pinion mounted on the body tube and inner tube. There are five objectives, marked 1, 2, 3, 4, AND 5. No.1 is the highest power and No.5 is the lowest. They screw into the end of a long nosepiece. The single eyepiece has three lenses and attaches to the top of the inner tube. The concave mirror is held in a horseshoe mount on the center of the wooden base. The stage has a Bonanni spring plate to hold specimens mounted on slides. On the stage, there is a keyhole-shaped slot to hold a fish plate. There are also two holes for mounting other accessories. Two substage spring clips hold a live box or other containers. The wooden box base has a drawer containing the following:

1. Five objectives

2. Fish plate

3. Five ivory or bone slides, containing prepared specimens

4. Live box

5. Cone diaphragm

6. Small cylindrical ivory container holding mica cover discs



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